though the city wasn't symmetrical, it promoted
the development of the economy. In the inner city,
all the places were designed for their functions.
For instance, the Forbidden City was the court,
and behind it was the market. The left side of the
center was the place to worship ancestors, while
the right side was for worshipping all kinds of
Anecdotes about Huabiao
as something typical Chinese, is actually an ornamental
or symbolic column erected in front of palaces,
bridges, city gates, tombs or other places. They
used to be made of wood, hence their other name--Huabiaomu.
They were difficult to preserve, however, and the
Haubiao we see today are mostly made of marble.
pailou, also known as paifang, is an archway of
a memorial or decorative nature. It could be made
of wood, brick or stone, with or without glazed
tiles, often carrying some inscriptions on the middle
Chinese Stone Lions
is a special animal to Chinese people. A pair of
stone lions, a male and a female, can often be seen
in front of the gates of traditional buildings.
The male lion is on the left with his right paw
resting on a ball, and the female on the right with
her left paw fondling a cub.
Siheyuan in Beijing
compounds or quadrangles (Siheyuan) in Beijing are
one important aspect of the city's architectural
heritage. Beijing's dwelling compounds are generally
rectangular, with the four sides squarely facing
the cardinal points. Almost every dwelling compound
is surrounded by high walls, with an open courtyard
in the centre. The buildings on four sides are usually
one storey high.
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